We start this lesson during the class before "clay day",looking at and discussing African masks. The students then make a paper pattern of their mask making sure to use traditional African style facial features.
During the second class they get a 3/4 thick 4x6" piece and lay their main paper pattern onto the top of the clay and use a clay tool to cut around the pattern. The pattern is removed and then the scrap clay is patted into a pancake for the facial features. They use their patterns to make the features and attach them by scoring and slipping.
They then use a small doll rod to add a hole to the top and some at the bottom (if they wish) to tie raffia. I ask them to use the clay tools to create some symmetrical patterns by pressing them into the surface of the clay.
I fire them and then they painted them with brown tempera cake and then added raffia to the bottom.